Another cause of indigestion is peptic ulcer disease. Stomach acid eats away at the lining of your stomach and small intestine resulting in open sores. The most common symptom of peptic ulcers is stomach pain which often feels like indigestion. Other symptoms include nausea, bloating and intolerance of fatty foods.
Peptic ulcers are usually caused by an infection from the Helicobacter pylori bacteria or the long-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Stress and spicy food can make the symptoms worse, but do not cause peptic ulcers.
Left untreated, peptic ulcers can cause significant problems, including internal bleeding, a perforation in your stomach wall, obstructions in the digestive tract and an increased risk of gastric cancer.
Treatment of peptic ulcers depends on the cause which can be identified with a gastroscopy or laboratory tests for H. pylori. The treatment will then either be to eradicate the H. pylori bacterium if present with antibiotics or reducing the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Medications to block and/or reduce acid production will also be prescribed.